Chronology of Events

revised on 5 July 2017

Côte d’Ivoire

June 2017

On 2 June, Special Representative of the Secretary-General and head of UNOCI Aïchatou Mindaoudou delivered her final briefing to the Council ahead of the mission’s closure on 30 June. Mindaoudou commended the government of Côte d’Ivoire for the progress made so far including the successful holding of elections, the constitutional referendum, and economic growth. However, she also expressed concern over the recent cases of mutiny and called on the government to address this issue. Members of the Council commended the government, and some stressed that lessons learned in Côte d’Ivoire could be used for future UN peacekeeping operations. On 30 June, the Council adopted a presidential statement welcoming the closure of UNOCI.

February 2017

On 8 February, the Council was briefed by the Special Representative of the Secretary-General and head of UNOCI, Aïchatou Mindaoudou, on the latest developments in the country and the Secretary-General’s 31 January report . Mindaoudou informed the Council about the results of the 2016 constitutional referendum which established the Third Republic. In addition to UNOCI’s drawdown activities, Mindaoudou also addressed the recent mutiny of soldiers in various cities throughout the country.

April 2016

On 12 April, peacekeeping head Hervé Ladsous briefed the Council on the strategic review of UNOCI that commended the progress made by the Ivorian government since the post-election crisis in 2011 and recommended the further drawdown and near-term exit of the UN mission. The Council was also briefed by Ambassador Elbio Rosselli (Uruguay), chair of the 1572 Côte d’Ivoire Sanctions Committee, who presented the final report of the Committee’s Group of Experts. On 28 April, the Council adopted resolution 2283 that terminated the sanctions regime in Côte d’Ivoire. The same day, the Council also adopted resolution 2284 which extended the mandate of UNOCI for a final period until 30 June 2017, after which the mission would be terminated.

April 2016

On 12 April, peacekeeping head Hervé Ladsous briefed the Council on the strategic review of UNOCI that commended the progress made by the Ivorian government since the post-election crisis in 2011 and recommended the further drawdown and near-term exit of the UN mission. The Council was also briefed by Ambassador Elbio Rosselli (Uruguay), chair of the 1572 Côte d’Ivoire Sanctions Committee, who presented the final report of the Committee’s Group of Experts. On 28 April, the Council adopted resolution 2283 that terminated the sanctions regime in Côte d’Ivoire. The same day, the Council also adopted resolution 2284 which extended the mandate of UNOCI for a final period until 30 June 2017, after which the mission would be terminated.

January 2016

On 13 January, the Council was briefed by Special Representative Aïchatou Mindaoudou Souleymane on the latest UNOCI report. In light of the successful October 2015 presidential election, the report recommended a drawdown of UNOCI’s military component from 5,437 to 4,000 troops. On 20 January, the Council adopted resolution 2260 that approved the proposed troop reduction.

December 2015

On 17 December, while briefing the Council, Ambassador Cristián Barros (Chile), the chair of the 1572 Côte d’Ivoire Sanctions Committee, noted that Côte d’Ivoire had made important steps in re-establishing its democracy and in regaining control over its territory. He stated that a strong argument could be made for lifting the sanctions regime in the near future.

September 2015

On 11 September, the 1572 Côte d’Ivoire Sanctions Committee held informal consultations to discuss the interim update report of the Group of Experts.

June 2015

On 9 June, the Council held a briefing, followed by consultations, to consider the UNOCI report. During the briefing, Special Representative and head of UNOCI, Aïchatou Mindaoudou, expressed the importance of “the creation of a peaceful and enabling environment in the lead-up to, during and after the presidential elections” scheduled for October. On 25 June, the Council adopted resolution 2226 extending the mandate of UNOCI for an additional year.

April 2015

On 22 April, Ambassador Cristián Barros (Chile), chair of the 1572 Côte d’Ivoire Sanctions Committee, briefed the Council. He discussed the final report of the Group of Experts as well as the proceedings of a 1572 Sanctions Committee meeting on 10 April. A representative of Côte d’Ivoire, Ambassador Bafitigue Ouattara, also spoke during the briefing, which was followed by consultations among Council members. On 28 April, the Council adopted resolution 2219 renewing sanctions measures (partial arms embargo, travel ban and asset freeze) until 30 April 2016 and renewing the mandate of the Group of Experts until 30 May 2016.

January 2015

On 13 January, the Council was briefed by the head of UNOCI, Special Representative Aïchatou Mindaoudou, on the most recent report of the Secretary-General on Côte d’Ivoire (S/2014/892). Ambassador Cristián Barros (Chile), chair of the 1572 Côte d’Ivoire Sanctions Committee, also briefed on his 2-7 November 2014 trip to the country (S/PV.7358).

October 2014

On 29 October, the Council was briefed by Ambassador Cristian Barros (Chile), chair of the 1572 Côte d’Ivoire Sanctions Committee (S/PV.7292). Barros reported on the work of the Committee since the last briefing (in consultations) held on 24 April and a modification of the sanctions regime through adoption of resolution 2153 on 29 April. Barros will also discuss the findings of the mid-term report of the Group of Experts (S/2014/729). Permanent Representative of Côte d’Ivoire Youssoufou Bamba also participated.

June 2014

On 16 June, Special Representative and head of UNOCI, Aichatou Mindaoudou Souleymane, briefed the Council on the most recent UNOCI report (S/2014/342), followed by consultations (S/PV.7197). On 25 June, the Council adopted resolution 2162 renewing UNOCI for a year and introduced some changes to the mandate. The resolution reinforces the role of the Special Representative in supporting political processes underway in Côte d’Ivoire and envisions a reduction of UNOCI military and police components by 30 June 2015. The resolution also authorises all UNOCI and UNMIL military helicopters to be utilised in both countries. It calls for the establishment of a Quick Reaction Force within UNOCI for an initial period of one year and authorises its deployment by the Secretary-General without prior Council authorisation for up to 90 days, in case of serious deterioration of the situation there.