Chronology of Events

revised on 30 January 2015

LRA-affected areas

10 April 2008

LRA leader Josheph Kony refused to show up for a much-publicised signing of the permanent truce in Ri-Kwangba on the Sudan-DRC border, insisting first on the removal of ICC warrants against the LRA leadership.

31 March 2008

Mediators announced that the signing of a final peace agreement between the LRA and the Ugandan goverment, scheduled for 3 April, would be postponed because LRA leader, Joseph Kony, had been taken ill and could not attend.

Week of 17 March 2008

LRA leader Joseph Kony was reported to have relocated from his base in the jungle in the DRC to the Central African Republic. This development was perceived by some Council members as a negotiating maneuver.

12 March 2008

Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni stated during a visit to London that the prevailing view in his country was a preference for pursuing alternatives to trials by the ICC in The Hague against the LRA indictees.

10 March 2008

A delegation from the LRA met with officials of the ICC Registry in The Hague to discuss legal procedural issues in regard to the LRA members facing the Court’s arrest warrants. The prosecutor had refused to meet the previous week with the same delegation which, reportedly, wanted then to press for getting the warrants somehow “lifted.”

29 February 2008

The parties concluded an additional agreement in which the Ugandan government agreed to make a request that the Security Council defer the ICC’s investigation and prosecution of LRA commanders. The request would be made after the Ugandan government had begun preparation for national trials.

23 February 2008

The Ugandan government and the LRA signed a ceasefire agreement.

19 February 2008

The Ugandan government and the LRA signed a significant agreement on accountability and reconciliation. This annex agreement envisions the setting up of a special division of the Uganda High Court to try those accused of planning or carrying out war crimes and other widespread attacks on civilians during the conflict.

Early November 2007

A LRA delegation made a trip to Kampala to meet with Ugandan government officials.  LRA officials also began consulting with communities in northern Uganda to gauge their opinions on whether indicted LRA leaders should face ICC prosecution or be tried within the framework of local justice procedures.

29 June 2007

The Ugandan government and the LRA agreed to a deal on justice and accountability issues that called for addressing war crimes through local legal procedures, including through national courts and a traditional justice mechanism known as Mato-Oput, comprising mostly truth-telling and compensation.

Early March 2007

A string of efforts from Special Envoy Joaquim Chissano, Ugandan leaders and the southern Sudanese mediators led to reengagement of the parties.  Agreement was reached on continuing the talks in southern Sudan with reported support for the mediation team from South Africa, Mozambique, Tanzania, Kenya and the DRC. 

January-February 2007

Peace talks stalled over LRA security concerns and demands for a new venue and mediation team. 

30 November 2006

Joaquim Chissano was appointed as Special Envoy of the Secretary-General with a mandate to search for a comprehensive political solution to the conflict.

1 November 2006

The parties signed an addendum to the Cessation of Hostilities Agreement. It provided that the rebels would re-assemble in one week at Owiny-Ki-Bul and in four weeks at Ri-Kwangba, with security, food and water to be provided by the Government of South Sudan (with UN support) only at those sites. Ugandan forces were not to be deployed within a fifteen-kilometre radius of Owiny-Ki-Bul.   

Mid-October 2006

Skirmishes between Ugandan forces and the LRA took place in southern Sudan.

28 September 2006

LRA fighters left one of the assembly sites.

28 August 2006

LRA fighters left Owiny-Ki-Bul.   

26 August 2006

Uganda and the LRA agreed to a truce through the Cessation of Hostilities Agreement.

12 August 2006

ICC-indicted LRA commander Raska Lukwiya was reportedly killed.

4 August 2006

The LRA announced a unilateral ceasefire.

14 July 2006

Peace talks started.

4 July 2006

Kampala offered amnesty to LRA leaders in the event of a peace agreement.

13 May 2006

Uganda announced a two-month ultimatum for the LRA to surrender, citing readiness to guarantee the safety of Joseph Kony.   

February 2006

President Museveni won a new term in national elections.

27 January 2006

The Council held a meeting on the Great Lakes and requested the 1653 report.

23 January 2006

Eight UN peacekeepers were killed in combat with the LRA in the DRC. 

December 2005

Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs Jan Egeland briefed the Council, urging members to address the conflict between the Uganda government and the LRA. 

November 2005

Vincent Otti was reported to be willing to restart peace talks and cooperate with the ICC.

October 2005

The ICC unsealed arrest warrants for five LRA commanders, including Joseph Kony. The LRA increased attacks in Sudan and northern Uganda. The DRC and Uganda discussed the LRA issue during a Tripartite Plus One Joint Commission meeting to defuse tensions. Khartoum authorised Ugandan military incursions, but Kinshasa refused. 

September 2005

President Museveni of Uganda threatened to send troops into the DRC should MONUC and the Forces Armees de la Republic Democratic du Congo (FARDC) fail to disarm the LRA.

July 2005

The ICC issued arrest warrants against top LRA leadership.

May 2005

The Council expanded the DRC arms embargo to include any recipient within the entire country’s territory, and imposed a travel ban and assets freeze.

December 2003

Museveni referred the LRA to the ICC. 

September 2002

The DRC and Uganda signed the Luanda Agreement on troop withdrawals.

February 2001

Rwandan and Ugandan withdrawal began in the DRC.

February 2000

Fighting continued in the DRC, largely for natural resources, pitting government against rebels and Rwandan against Ugandan forces. The Council added Chapter VII protective powers to the UN Mission in the Congo (MONUC) mandate. 

July 1999

The DRC, Angola, Namibia, Rwanda, Uganda and Zimbabwe signed the Lusaka Ceasefire Agreement.