On 30 June and 1 July, at the summit of heads of state held in Malabo, Equatorial Guinea, the AU requested its Peace and Security Council to authorise a proposal by the defence and security ministers of CAR, DRC, Uganda and representatives from South Sudan for a regional task force, joint operations centre and joint co-ordination mechanism to address the LRA issue. On 28 June, the Council adopted resolution 1991 renewing the mandate of the Stabilization Mission in the DRC (MONUSCO). The resolution contains language supporting MONUSCO’s efforts in assisting those resisting the LRA.
On 17 November, members of the Council met in informal consultations to discuss LRA attacks on civilians in the DRC, Central African Republic and Sudan. Following the meeting, the Council issued a press statement expressing concern at the direct and serious threat the activities of the LRA posed to the civilian population, humanitarian operations and regional stability.
On 15 July, Secretary-General’s Special Envoy for LRA-Affected Areas, Joaquim Chissano, gave his last briefing to the Council in closed consultations.
On 26 May, the Secretary-General informed the Council of his attention to suspend Chissano’s assignment as special envoy as of 30 June as he had achieved the main objectives of his mandate with the conclusion of negotiations in March 2008 when agreements were signed on all substantive issues, including by the representatives of the LRA.
In a press statement on 9 April on the situation in the DRC following a briefing by the Secretary-General’s Special Representative for the DRC, the Council expressed support for joint operations by Congolese government forces and MONUC against armed groups, including the LRA.
On 13 March the LRA spokesman announced a cease fire starting 18 March to give the peace dialogue a chance. On 10 March, the Pre-Trial Chamber II of the ICC ruled that the case of the situation in Uganda was admissible.
On 17 February the Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs briefed the Council on his visit to the DRC from 6 to 10 February. He said the number of deaths since December 2008 as a result of LRA attacks was believed to have approached 900 while 160,000 were estimated to have fled their homes.
On 16 January the Council issued a press statement strongly condemning attacks carried out by the LRA which had resulted in over 500 dead and over 400 abducted.
On 22 December the Council issued a presidential statement condemning Kony’s repeated failure to sign the final peace agreement, recalling the outstanding ICC arrest warrant for LRA leaders and welcoming the “joint efforts” of states in the region to address the security threat posed by the LRA. On 14 December, the militaries of Uganda, the DRC and southern Sudan launched a campaign (Operation Lighting Thunder) against LRA bases in the forested area of Garamba, in eastern DRC.
On 30 November, Kony failed to sign the Final Peace Agreement, demanding the deferral of the ICC arrest warrants. On 7 November, the DRC President Joseph Kabila had said regular forces of the DRC will cease military operations against the LRA on the condition that Joseph Kony sign the Final Peace Agreement with the Ugandan government by 29 November.
In a presidential statement on 21 October, the Council strongly condemned LRA attacks, including the recent abduction of 159 children. It also recalled the ICC indictments against LRA leaders. The ICC Pre-Trial Chamber commenced consideration of the admissibility of the case against Kony and his top commanders Vincent Otti, Okot Odhiambo and Dominic Ongwen, in light of two submissions made by Uganda on the status of the execution of warrants of arrest in March and July 2008. Meanwhile, the Pre-Trial Chamber II requested the DRC to provide the Chamber with detailed information, preferably no later than 17 November 2008, on the measures taken for the execution of the warrants of arrest issued in 2005 against four leaders of the LRA charged with crimes against humanity and war crimes allegedly committed in the territory of Uganda.
19 September 2008
A joint press statement signed by the Chief Mediator and Government of South Sudan Vice President Riek Machar Teny, LRA peace delegation leader, David Matsanga and the Paramount Chief of Acholi in northern Uganda, Rwot David Acana II said the Final Peace Agreement “cannot be renogotiated”.
18 September 2008
Suspected LRA elements allegedly attacked a Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA) detachment in South Sudan. One SPLA soldier and three LRA rebels were killed, villagers abducted and houses looted and burnt.
17 Spetember 2008
Reports indicate that the LRA attacked Congolese villages in the Haut Uelé District of the DRC (Dungu Territory).
Week of 14 July 2008
The Council deferred issuing a presidential statement on Northern Uganda-LRA that was under discussion after the Special Envoy for LRA affected areas, Joaquim Chissano, briefed the Council on 20 June.
2-7 June 2008
Joaquim Chissano, the Secretary-General’s Special Envoy, visited LRA-affected areas to consult with national stakeholders on the Juba peace process. He has reportedly not met with Kony or his emissaries since mid-May.
Early June 2008
Against the backdrop of reports that the LRA was rearming and training for possible attacks, DRC, southern Sudan and Ugandan military officials held a series of meetings in Kampala to map out a strategy to curb LRA activity in the region.
Late May 2008
The LRA has renewed abducting children in southern Sudan, the DRC and the Central African Republic. Joseph Kony, the leader of the LRA, has reportedly set up base in the DRC again.
The Ugandan government took steps to set up a special division of the Uganda High Court to try those accused of planning or carrying out war crimes and other attacks on civilians during the conflict.
Week of 14 April 2008
The deputy leader of the LRA, Okot Odhiambo, was reportedly killed in clashes with forces loyal to Kony over the proposed final peace agreement.