Chronology of Events

revised on 9 August 2012

Chad/CAR

17 March 2008

EUFOR was officially declared operational.

12 March 2008

Chad and Sudan signed a new agreement to defuse tensions and stop mutual support for rebels. The Dakar agreement also established an international contact group reportedly including Congo, Gabon, Libya and Senegal to oversee implementation.

March 2008

Intense fighting in West Darfur involving the Sudanese government and the rebel Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) has led to the arrival of tens of thousands of new Sudanese refugees in Chad, adding to the existing 250,000. There are also an estimated 180,000 internally displaced Chadians.

26 February 2008

The Council had a briefing on Chad where the Chadian foreign minister spoke, apparently reiterating N’Djamena’s focus on international pressure on Sudan to stop supporting rebels and implement bilateral agreements.

12 February 2008

The Secretary-General’s Special Representative, Victor da Silva Angelo, said a political process is needed.

4 February 2008

The Council adopted a presidential statement on Chad that supported the 2 February AU decision condeming rebel attacks against the government.

3 February 2008

France called for weekend consultations, followed by a Secretariat briefing on Chad. France introduced a draft presidential statement with a Council endorsement of international military assistance to the Chadian government.

early February 2008

Rebels attacked the Chadian capital of N’Djamena. Tens of thousands of Chadians fled to Cameroon and Nigeria.

28 January 2008

The Secretary-General informed the Security Council of his intention to appoint Victor Da Silva Angelo of Portugal as his Special Representative for Chad and Central African Republic (CAR) and head of MINURCAT.

7 January 2008

The Council adopted a press statement that “welcomed progress made in the deployment of MINURCAT and encouraged contributors to make available to MINURCAT and EUFOR the personnel and resources required for the implementation of their mandates” (SC/9221). In the statement, the Council expressed concern at recent actions of illegal armed groups in eastern Chad and western Sudan and tensions it has engendered between the two countries.

December 2007

Difficulties surrounding the EU protection force, particularly shortfalls in helicopters and funding. Tensions along the border with Sudan increase, Sudan accused Chadian armed forces of conducting aerial bombings in its territory.

November 2007

An initial MINURCAT civilian nucleus was deployed.

late October-November 2007

Talks under Libyan auspices produced a ceasefire and a peace agreement between the government and four rebel groups.  Concern over the security situation remained, especially after two rebel groups broke the ceasefire in late November.

25 September 2007

The Council unanimously passed resolution 1778, which established the UN Mission in the Central African Republic and Chad (MINURCAT).  

19 September 2007

Under Secretary-General Jean-Marie Guéhenno briefed the Council on major aspects of the proposed deployments.

17 September 2007

The European Union (EU) reportedly indicated its readiness in a letter to proceed with the proposed deployments in Chad and the Central African Republic (CAR).

11 September 2007

Chad formally confirmed its consent to the proposed deployments by the UN and the EU.

September 2007

Media reports noted threats from Chadian rebel groups that if the proposed EU force — and its French contigents in particular — were perceived to be taking sides they would be attacked.

early September 2007

The Secretary-General visited Chad as part of his wider efforts to advance peacekeeping plans in the region and the political process in Darfur.  During the trip, a joint communiqué with the Chadian government was signed, in which N’Djamena expressed its readiness to consolidate the domestic political dialogue and to coordinate with Sudan on normalisation of regional relations.

27 August 2007

The Council adopted a presidential statement expressing readiness to authorise deployments in Chad and the Central African Republic.

17 August 2007

An agreement between the government and political opposition providing for power-sharing and wide reforms in the Chadian electoral system, to be followed by parliamentary elections in two years, was signed.

10 August 2007

The Secretary-General unveiled new recommendations for peacekeeping in Chad and the Central African Republic, including an EU military component.

23 July 2007

EU foreign ministers said that military staff had been asked to plan a possible operation “in support of the multidimensional UN presence in eastern Chad and northeastern Central African Republic with a view of improving security in those areas.”

19 July 2007

President Idriss Deby of Chad said he “agreed in principle” to the presence of an EU military component. 

13 July 2007

Security Council heard a briefing by Under Secretary-General Jean-Marie Guéhenno on prospects for peacekeeping in eastern Chad and the Central African Republic. 

June 2007

Chad President Déby visited Khartoum and Egypt. The meetings in Khartoum reportedly focused on deploying joint border monitoring units comprising 2,000 troops, but no timeframe was specified.

26 June 2007

The Secretariat mission concluded its trip to Chad and the Central African Republic.

25 June 2007

Further discussions were held during a high-level meeting in Paris. Some EU members attended, along with the UN, the Arab League, US, China, Russia and other players. Sudan, Chad and the AU were absent.

11-12 June 2007

Discussions with Chad and Sudan took place  during a visit by French Foreign Minister Bernard Kouchner.

mid-June 2007

The Chadian government and rebel groups reportedly entered into Libya-brokered peace talks. 

June-July 2007

In Chad, violence continued. In addition, concerns with increasing malnutrition, disease and lack of humanitarian access were becoming acute as the rainy season approached. France reportedly airlifted aid into eastern Chad.

21-29 May 2007

A AU Peace and Security Council (PSC) mission visited Sudan, Chad and the Central African Republic. The mission, headed by Nigeria, was expected to assess the situation in the region and report back to the PSC with recommendations.

early May 2007

With Saudi Arabia’s facilitation, Sudan and Chad signed yet another agreement. Both pledged to respect each other’s sovereignty; to prevent the use of their respective territories by armed groups; and refuse support for such groups.