Chronology of Events

revised on 9 August 2012

Chad/CAR

December 2010

The UN Mission in Chad and the Central African Republic (MINURCAT) completed its withdrawal and the handover of its programmes to the government of Chad and UN agencies on 31 December. The Chadian integrated security force, the Détachement Intégré de Sécurité (DIS), has since taken over protection of civilians and security responsibilities. On 14 December the Council heard its final briefing from the head of MINURCAT.

October 2010

MINURCAT ceased all military operations on 15 October and began the final phase of its withdrawal. On 20 October the Special Representative and head of MINURCAT briefed the Council on the situation in Chad, CAR and the subregion. He also presented the Secretary-General’s most recent report on progress in the mission’s withdrawal.

August 2010

On 10 August the Special Representative to the Secretary-General and Head of MINURCAT gave his first briefing to the Council on the situation in Chad and CAR since the adoption of resolution 1923, which authorised MINURCAT’s drawdown. Closed consultations followed the briefing.

May 2010

On 25 May, the Council adopted resolution 1923  extending MINURCAT mandate until 31 December 2010. Earlier in the month, on 12 May, the Council adopted resolution 1922 extending MINURCAT mandate until 26 May 2010. On 5 May, Security Council members held an informal interactive dialogue with permanent representatives from Chad and Central African Republic on the future of MINURCAT. 

April 2010

On 23 April, the Under-Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations briefed the Council on negotiations with Chadian authorities on the future of the UN Mission in the Central African Republic and Chad (MINURCAT).

March 2010

The Secretary-General named Youssef Mahmoud of Tunisia as his Acting Special Representative for MINURCAT on 31 March. On 22 March, Council members held an informal interactive dialogue with Chad’s permanent representative on MINURCAT. On 12 March, The Council adopted resolution 1913, extending MINURCAT until 15 May.

February 2010

The UN Emergency Relief Coordinator John Holmes briefed the Council on the critical role that MINURCAT plays on the protection of refugees and internally displaced persons (IDPs) on 17 February.

January 2010

On 19 January, The government of Chad requested that the UN Mission in Central African Republic and Chad (MINURCAT) be withdrawn. 

December 2009

On 21 December, the Council issued a presidential statement welcoming the establishment of the UN Integrated Peacebuilding Office in the Central African Republic (BINUCA) on 1 January 2010.

October 2009

On 22 October, the Assistant Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations briefed the Council and reported progress made in implementing the 13 August 2007 agreement between the government and the political opposition that would prepare Chad for November 2010 parliamentary elections. On CAR, he stated that situation in the northeast has stabilised, but continued to be unpredictable because of sporadic interethnic clashes and weak state institutions.

July 2009

On 28 July, the head of MINURCAT briefed the Council on progress in the framework of the 2007 Political Accord.

May 2009

The Council adopted a presidential statement on 8 May condemning renewed military incursions in eastern Chad by “Chadian armed groups, coming from outside”.  It expressed concern at the consequent threat posed to the safety of the civilian population and the conduct of humanitarian operations and called on the parties to respect and implement their mutual commitments.

8 May 2008

The Security Council held an open meeting on the situation between Chad and Sudan, during which it was briefed by the UN Assistant Secretary-General for Rule of Law and Security Institutions in the Department for Peacekeeping Operations, Dmitry Titov.  The Chadian and Sudanese Ambassadors also participated in the meeting during which they traded accusations of the other aiding rebellion in their respective countries. (S/PV.6121 and S/PV.6122)

6 May 2009

The Permanent Representative of Chad, Ahmad Allam-mi, requested an open meeting ”to discuss the attack perpetrated by the Sudan against…Chad.”

24 April 2009

Edmond Mulet, the UN Assistant Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations briefed the Council (S/PV.6111) on the Secretary-General’s first report on MINURCAT since the transfer of authority from the EU Mission (EUFOR) to the UN on 15 March (S/2009/199). Mulet said critical shortfalls in equipment weakened the forces operational capability. MINURCAT’s military component, mandated to reach 5,200 troops, stood at 2,425 as at 22 April. Closed consultations were held following the open briefing

17 March 2009

Edmund Mullet, the UN Assistant Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations, briefed the Council in closed consultations on the transfer of authority on 15 March from the EU Mission in the Central African Republic and Chad (EUFOR) to a UN military component for the UN Mission in the Central African Republic and Chad (MINURCAT). In SC/9614 the Council welcomed the successful transfer of authority on 15 March from EUFOR to MINURCAT, noted with satisfaction the completion of the deployment of the DIS, stresed the importance of a further improvement of regional relations, recalled their demand all armed groups in Chad and the CAR renounce violence and encouraged the authorities and political stakeholders in Chad the CAR to continue to pursue their efforts of national dialogue. 

15 March 2009

Transfer of authority occurs between the European operation in Chad and the CAR (EUFOR) and the UN Mission (MINURCAT) in accordance with resolution 1861.  Troops from countries such as Albania, Austria, Croatia, Finland, France, Ireland, Poland and Russia were re-hatted, while troops from Togo and Ghana have arrived to take up duties.  Malawi, Namibia, Nepal, Norway and Uruguay have committed to sending troops to MINURCAT.  The military strength during handover was approximately 2,400.  The Council issued a press statement (SC/9614) welcoming the transfer of authority. 

14 January 2009

The Council adopted unanimously  resolution 1861 extending the mandate of MINURCAT until 15 March 2010. The resolution also authorised the deployment of a 5,200 strong military component of MINURCAT to follow up EUFOR in both Chad and the CAR after its mandate expires on 15 March 2009. 

12 December 2008

The Special Representative of the Secretary-General and Head of MINURCAT, Victor da Silva Angelo briefed the Council on the updated planning for the UN military force to replace EUFOR Chad/CAR upon its mandate expiry of 15 March (S/PV.6042).