Chronology of Events

revised on 9 August 2012

Chad/CAR

4 December 2008

The Secretary-General’s report, which was expected by 15 November, was released (S/2008/760). 

4 December 2008

An Arria style meeting was held during which representatives from the International Crisis Group, Human Rights Watch and Oxfam International provided briefings to the Council on the humanitarian situation in eastern Chad and northeastern CAR and proposed measures for the Council to take to improve the security situation. 

15 November 2008

The Dakar Contact Group met in N’Djamena to further discuss deployment of a 2000-strong Chad-Sudan border observation mission. 

9 November 2008

Chad and Sudan exchange ambassadors.  Sudan had suspended diplomatic relations in May, accusing N’Djamena of sponsoring an assault on Khartoum by Darfur rebel group the Justice and Equality Movement. In turn, Chad accused Sudan of backing a Chadian rebel attack on N’Djamena in February.

8 November 2008

EUFOR troops evacuated nine aid workers from Sam Ouandja in north eastern CAR after they heard gunfire. Approximately 40 armed fighters raided a government troop camp but were repelled after about two hours. There were no reports of civilian injuries.

November 2008

An AU mission chaired by former Burundian President Pierre Buyoya begins working on recommendations to address the root causes of tension between Sudan and Chad.

24 October 2008

The first contingent of 100 UN-trained Chadian police, known as the Détachement intégré de Sécurité (DIS)  began their deployment to eastern Chad.

24 September 2008

The EU’s High Representative for the Common Foreign and Security Policy, Javier Solana, presented its mid-term review of the EUFOR operation in Chad and the Central African Republic.  The Council unanimously adopted resolution 1834 renewing the mandate of MINURCAT until 15 March 2009.

mid September 2008

EUFOR reaches its full operational capability with approximately 3,300 troops, 200 of which are located in CAR.  EUFOR reached its initial operating capability in March.  Its mandate expires on 15 March 2009.

12 September 2008

The Secretary-General issued his report on post-EUFOR arrangements (S/2008/601 and S/2008/601Add.1))

9 September 2008

The World Bank announces its withdrawal of support to Chad for the Chad-Cameroon Petroleum Development and Pipeline Project after the government reneged on its commitment to allocate 80 percent of oil revenue to finance development projects.

7-8 August 2008

The Secretary-General’s Special Representative and Head of MINURCAT, Victor da Silva Ângelo, convened a two-day roundtable in Stockholm to take stock of the deployment of MINURCAT and EUFOR ahead of Council discussions on the issue in September. Participants included the Chadian government, the UN, the EU, the AU, the Council’s permanent members and Libya.

22 July 2008

In a document, the EU Council urged that, after duly consulting the Chadian and Central African authorities, “all steps be taken to ensure that arrangements for following up the EU’s operation are put in place, with the possible inclusion of a United Nations operation.”

15 July 2008

The Council heard a Secretariat briefing in consultations on the Secretary-General’s latest progress report on the UN Mission in the Central African Republic and Chad (MINURCAT) (S/2008/444).

late June-early July 2008

A joint EU-UN mission visited the region to provide recommendations on arrangements for an international military presence post-March 2009, when EUFOR expires.

25 June 2008

The Central African Economic and Monetary Community (CEMAC, of which Chad is a member) adopted a communiqué urging a role for MINURCAT, EUFOR and the UN-AU Mission in Darfur (UNAMID) on border security.

24 June 2008

A follow-up military experts’ meeting was held in Senegal, when it was decided that Sudanese and Chadian troops would monitor the border together with regional military observers.

mid-June 2008

Chadian rebels launched a new offensive, briefly taking over a number of towns in the east. The government again accused Sudan of assisting the rebels.

16 June 2008

The Council adopted a presidential statement, calling upon states in the region to implement the Dakar Agreement and expressing readiness to act against those who “constitute a threat to stability in the region or violate international humanitarian law.”

9 June 2008

The Dakar Agreement Contact Group held a ministerial-level meeting in Brazzaville to discuss plans to deploy a regional border monitoring force as provided for in the Agreement.  

31 May – 10 June 2008

The Council undertook a mission to a number of African countries, including Chad, where it focused on the situation of refugees and internally displaced persons, the delivery of humanitarian assistance, MINURCAT and the relationship between Sudan and Chad.

30 May 2008

In a letter from the Council’s President to the PBC Chairman, the Council referred the CAR for consideration by the PBC in response to a request from Bangui.

13 May 2008

The Council adopted a statement condemning the attack on Khartoum and but warning that no retaliatory action should be taken against civilian populations, or that had an impact on stability in the region.

10 May 2008

Darfur rebel group Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) carried out an unprecedented attack near the Sudanese capital, Khartoum. The Sudanese government subsequently cut off diplomatic ties with Chad, saying it was complicit in the attack. This prompted Chad to close its border with Sudan.

1 May 2008

The Chad country director of Save the Children UK was killed by gunmen near a EUFOR base in the east of the country.

16 April 2008

Chadian President Idriss Déby appointed Youssouf Saleh Abbas as prime minister in an apparent overture to the opposition. The latter insisted on dialogue involving armed movements, elections and full disclosure of the fate of Ibn Mahamat Saleh, an opposition leader missing since a government crackdown in February.  An agreement was reached leading to the appointment of opposition members to head the defence and justice ministries.

9 April 2008

The Council held consultations on Chad and the Central African Republic (CAR). Discussions included a briefing by Assistant Secretary-General Edmond Mulet on progress with the deployment of the UN Mission in the CAR and Chad and the EU Force. In a press statement, members expressed concern with the situation in eastern Chad and north-eastern CAR, encouraged the governments of both countries to promote national dialogue and also encouraged implementation of the Sudan-Chad Dakar Agreement (SC/9295).