Chronology of Events

revised on 25 April 2013


December 2012

On 19 December, the Council adopted a presidential statement on Timor-Leste noting the “remarkable achievements” made since independence in 2002 and the successful presidential and parliamentary elections in 2012. The statement came as UNMIT prepared to conclude its mandate in the country on 31 December 2012. As is customary, Timor-Leste will formally remain on the Council’s agenda, although there will be no further debates in the Council or regular reporting.

November 2012

From 3 to 6 November, Council members went on a visiting mission to Timor-Leste led by Ambassador Baso Sangqu (South Africa). On 12 November, the Council held the final debate on UNMIT followed by briefing by Sangqu who reiterated that one of the key purposes of the visiting mission, as UNMIT withdrew from the country, was to underscore the international community’s long-term commitment to Timor-Leste’s peace and development. 

October 2012

The Secretary-General’s 15 October UNMIT report to the Security Council recommended the mission continue its phased drawdown until completion of its mandate on 31 December 2012, consistent with the views of the Timor-Leste government.

September 2012

Concerning Timor-Leste’s post-UNMIT future, in a 20 September letter to the Secretary-General, Prime Minister Xanana Gusmão expressed appreciation for the UN’s commitment and support since 1999. The letter also stated that the Timor-Leste government was in a position to assume leadership of the national development process and concluded that it no longer required the support of a UN peacekeeping or political mission.

April 2012

In a 25 April press statement the Council congratulated Timor-Leste on the “peaceful, smooth and orderly manner” of the 17 March presidential elections, a run-off was subsequently held on 16 April.

February 2012

On 22 February, the Council held a debate on UNMIT and adopted resolution 2037 on 23 February extending UNMIT’s mandate until 31 December 2012.

November 2011

The Security Council held a debate on Timor-Leste on 22 November.

March 2011

On 28 March, the national police resume primary responsibilities for policing in all of Timor-Leste. The UN had run policing in Timor-Leste since August 2006.

February 2011

On 24 February, the Council extended the mandate of UNMIT for a further 12 months. On 22 February, the head of UNMIT briefed the Council. This was followed by an open debate where the Prime Minister of Timor-Leste addressed the Council. Representatives of Australia, Japan, New Zealand, the Philippines and the EU also participated in the debate.

November 2010

On 22 November the Council’s visit to Timor-Leste scheduled for the end of November was postponed when the Japanese permanent representative, who was leading the visit, indicated that he was needed in New York for other business.

October 2010

ON 19 October, the head of UNMIT briefed the Council. This was followed by an open debate.

June 2010

On 4 June, Council members held a private meeting with countries that contribute police and military liaisons to UNMIT.

February 2010

The Council adopted resolution 1912 on 26 February, extending UNMIT’s mandate untill 26 February 2011. The Council held an open debate on 23 February on Timor-Leste, during which it was briefed by the Head of UNMIT and the Deputy Prime Minister of Timor-Leste.

December 2009

On 28 December, Ameerah Haq the new Secretary-General’s Special Representative began her appointment.

October 2009

The Council was briefed by the Secretary-General’s Special Representative for Timor-Leste and the Deputy Prime Minister of Timor-Leste on 23 October.

August 2009

On 30 August, Timor-Leste marked the 10th Anniversary of the UN-organised referendum that led to its independence. In remarks to the press the president of the Council said the Council commended the people and government of Timor-Leste on their efforts towards peace, stability and development.

May 2009

On 27 May, the Council met with troop-contributing countries to discuss the updating of the concept of operations and rules of engagement for UNMIT.

26 February 2009

The Council renewed UNMIT’s mandate till 26 February 2010.

19 February 2009

The Council held an open debate on Timor-Leste.

15 July 2008

The Commission of Truth and Friendship (CTF) formally completed its final report.  The CTF found that the Indonesian police, army and civilian government officials funded, armed and coordinated anti-independence militias, which carried out activities resulting in grave human rights violations, including crimes against humanity. Indonesian President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono and Timorese President Ramos-Horta issued a statement accepting the findings, conclusions and recommendations of the Commission and committing to implementing the recommendations.

13 June 2008

An agreement was signed between the government and the UN Development Programme on technical assistance and advice for a review of Timor-Leste’s security sector. The review was scheduled tol be finalised by early to mid-2009.

May 2008

The Social Democratic Association of Timor (Associação Social-Democrata Timorense, or ASDT), a party in the governing coalition, signed an accord with opposition Frente Revolucionária de Timor-Leste Independente (Fretilin) to form a ruling coalition in a move to force early elections. 

17 – 27 March 2008

An experts mission, led by UN Policy Advisor Andrew Hughes, conducted an assessment of the requirements of the national police and possible adjustments to UNMIT police skills sets. 

11 February 2008

President José Ramos-Horta and Prime Minister Xanana Gusmão were attacked in Dili by a group led by former military officer Alfredo Reinado, who was killed in the attack.

24 – 30 November 2007

The Council mission went to Timor-Leste. It comprised of South Africa (as the lead member), China, Indonesia, Russia, Slovakia and the US. The mission held meetings with Timorese and UNMIT officials.

mid-November 2007

Prime MinisterXanana Gusmao held talks with a group comprising some of the military “petitioners,” whose sacking from the army was one of the causes of the 2006 violence. The group requested reinstatement of those sacked in 2006. 

September 2007

The government of Timor-Leste asked that operations by Austalian-led international forces to arrest Alfredo-Reinado, a “petitioner” dismissed from the army in 2006 who has opposed dialogue with the government, cease. 

6 August 2007

After many tense days of discussion over who could command a majority in the parliament, President José Ramos-Horta announced that he had appointed Xanana Gusmão as prime minister.