Chronology of Events

revised on 4 January 2019

UNOCA (Central Africa)

December 2018

On 13 December, Special Representative of the Secretary-General and head of UNOCA François Louncény Fall, briefed the Council on the latest UNOCA report. The meeting was followed by consultations.

August 2018

On 10 August, the Council adopted a presidential statement on UNOCA, welcoming the renewal of its mandate for another three years, from 1 September to 31 August 2021, via an exchange of letters with the Secretary-General. In the statement, the Council expressed its concern at the grave security situation, violations and abuses of human rights, and the continuing terrorist activities of Boko Haram and other terrorist groups in the Lake Chad Basin. It also expressed concern about the persistent violence perpetrated by armed groups in the Central African Republic, the ongoing violence in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and an increase in violence in parts of Cameroon. In the statement, the Council recognised the adverse effects of climate and ecological changes, and of natural disasters, on the stability of the region. It stressed the need for long-term strategies by governments and the UN, based on risk assessments, to support stabilisation and build resilience, and requested UNOCA to take such information into consideration in its activities. The statement asked the Secretary-General to conduct a strategic review of the scope of UNOCA’s mandate and activities and present recommendations for areas of improvement or new or refocused priorities to the Council by 1 August 2019. The Council expressed its intention to consider these recommendations, including any proposed changes to the mandate, by 31 August 2019.

June 2018

On 13 June, Special Representative for Central Africa and head of UNOCA François Louncény Fall briefed the Council on the latest UNOCA report.

December 2017

On 13 December, François Louncény Fall, Special Representative and head of UNOCA, briefed the Security Council on the Secretary-General’s semi-annual report on UNOCA and the implementation of the UN regional strategy to combat the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA). The meeting was followed by consultations.

June 2017

On 13 June, François Loucény Fall, the Special Representative and head of UNOCA, briefed the Security Council on the semi-annual report on UNOCA and the implementation of the UN regional strategy to combat the LRA. Fall warned that the “continued threat of the [LRA] to regional stability should not be underestimated” in light of the withdrawal of Ugandan and South Sudanese forces from the AU Regional Task Force, along with US special forces. He added that he was concerned about the LRA possibly exploiting the security vacuum created by the disengagement of the forces. The briefing was followed by consultations.

December 2016

On 7 December, Acting Special Representative and head of UNOCA, François Louncény Fall, briefed the Council on the Secretary-General’s report on UNOCA and the implementation of the UN regional strategy to combat the Lord’s Resistance Army.

June 2016

On 15 June, Abdoulaye Bathily, Special Representative and head of UNOCA, briefed the Council (S/PV.7718) on the latest UNOCA report (S/2016/482). Ahmad Allam-Mi, the Secretary-General of ECOWAS, also addressed the Council.

December 2015

On 8 December, Abdoulaye Bathily, Special Representative and head of UNOCA, briefed the Council on the latest UNOCA report. Jackson Tuwei, Special Envoy of the AU for the Lord’s Resistance Army, also addressed the Council via video teleconference from Nairobi.

June 2015

On 11 June, the Council was briefed by Special Representative Abdoulaye Bathily on the UNOCA report and the implementation of the regional strategy to combat the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA). The Council adopted a presidential statement expressing its concern at the grave security situation in parts of Central Africa, in particular the ongoing crisis in the Central African Republic and its regional impact, the continuing threat of the LRA and the terrorist activities of Boko Haram.

January 2015

On 20 January, Council members issued a press statement welcoming the arrival of indictee Dominic Ongwen to the ICC. Council members recalled that ICC arrest warrants for other LRA leaders, including Joseph Kony, on charges of war crimes and crimes against humanity have yet to be executed (SC/11744).

December 2014

On 10 December 2014, the Council was briefed by Special Representative Abdoulaye Bathily on the UNOCA report (S/2014/812) and the implementation of the regional strategy to combat the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) (S/PV.7334). The Council adopted a presidential statement (S/PRST/2014/25) expressing its concern at the grave security situation in parts of Central Africa, in particular the ongoing crisis in the Central African Republic and its regional impact, the continuing threat of the LRA and the expansion of Boko Haram terrorist activities into countries in the sub-region. It also requested that the Secretary-General keep the Council informed through a single report on UNOCA and the LRA by 15 November 2014.

May 2014

On 12 May, the Council was briefed by the outgoing Special Representative and head of UNOCA, Abou Moussa, on the Secretary-General’s report on UNOCA and the implementation of the regional strategy on the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA). The Council adopted a presidential statement condemning the actions of the LRA and requesting that the Secretary-General keep it informed through a single report on UNOCA and the LRA by 15 November 2014. The Council also welcomed the appointment of Abdoulaye Bathily (Senegal) as the new Special Representative. 

February 2014

On 10 February, the Secretary-General extended the mandate of UNOCA until 31 August 2015 in an exchange of letters with the Council (S/2014/103 and S/2014/104). 

November 2013

On 20 November, the Council was briefed by the Special Representative of the Secretary-General and head of UNOCA, Abou Moussa, on the Secretary-General’s report on UNOCA and the implementation of the regional strategy on the Lord’s Resistance Army. On 25 November, the Council adopted a presidential statement condemning the actions of the LRA and requesting that the Secretary-General keep it informed through a single report on UNOCA and the LRA by 15 May 2014.

May 2013

On 29 May, the Council was briefed on the Secretary-General’s report on the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) and on UNOCA by Abou Moussa, the Special Representative of the Secretary-General and head of UNOCA (S/PV.6971). The Council adopted a presidential statement condemning the actions of the LRA and requesting that the Secretary-General keep it informed through a single report on UNOCA and the LRA by 15 November 2013.

April 2013

The implementation plan for the UN regional strategy to address LRA activity was submitted to the Council on 19 April (S/2013/240). On 29 April, the Council issued a press statement expressing concern over the recent pause of BINUCA’s operations to counter the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) in CAR. 

December 2012

On 18 December, the Council received a briefing from the Special Representative and head of UNOCA, Abou Moussa, on the Secretary-General’s most recent report on UNOCA and LRA-affected areas. On 19 December, the Council adopted a presidential statement requesting the Secretary-General to present an implementation plan to support the UN LRA strategy (S/2012/481) by 28 February. It further requested the Secretary-General to keep the Council informed on the activities of UNOCA and on the LRA via a single report by 15 May 2013.

June 2012

On 29 June the Council received a briefing on UNOCA and the LRA and adopted a presidential statement strongly condemning the ongoing attacks carried out by the LRA in parts of Central Africa; welcoming the development of the UN Regional Strategy to address the threat and impact of the activities of the LRA; welcoming the strong collaboration between the UN and the AU in addressing the LRA threat; and welcoming the official launching of the AU-led Regional Cooperation Initiative against the LRA in March. Earlier in the month, on 22 June, an “Arria formula” meeting on the LRA was co-hosted by Portugal and the UK. The main points emerging from the meeting included the importance of engagement and cooperation among LRA-affected governments.

February 2012

On 29 February, the Council adopted resolution 2039 on piracy in the Gulf of Guinea. The resolution requested that UNOCA, together with the UN Office for West Africa (UNOWA), keep the Council informed on this issue.

November 2011

On 14 November 2011, the Council heard a briefing from the Special Representative of the Secretary-General on the Secretary-General’s first report on UNOCA. Following the meeting, the Council adopted a presidential statement commending the efforts made by UNOCA and requesting the Secretary-General to keep it informed on LRA-related developments in a single report on the LRA and UNOCA, to be submitted by 31 May.

August 2011

On 18 August, the Special Representative of the Secretary-General briefed the Council via videoconference. In a press statement issued after the meeting, the Council encouraged UNOCA to establish partnerships with regional organisations in order to face regional challenges, such as the LRA. The Council also requested UNOCA to consider ways to assist states in Central Africa, tackling issues such as security sector reform and promoting human rights.

July 2011

On 21 July, the Council was briefed by the Assistant Secretary-General for Political Affairs on the LRA in a private meeting. Following the meeting, the Council released a press statement requesting UNOCA to facilitate cooperation between the UN and the AU on issues related to countering the threat posed by the LRA.

June 2011

On 3 June, the head of UNOCA briefed the Council prior to his deployment, giving the Council the opportunity to exchange views with him on the mission’s priorities and expectations.

March 2011

On 2 March, the UN inaugurated UNOCA, located in Libreville, Gabon, to support central African nations in consolidating peace, preventing conflict and tackling cross-border arms-trafficking and organised crime. UNOCA was also charged with coordinating UN efforts in the region against armed groups, such as the LRA. The Secretary-General announced his intention to appoint Abou Moussa as head of UNOCA.

August 2010

On 11 December 2009, the Secretary-General advised the Council of his intention to establish UNOCA. After eight months delay, the President of the Council responded on 30 August 2010 that the mission should be established with a two-year mandate, to be reviewed after 18 months.