Chronology of Events

revised on 4 April 2014

Sierra Leone

2000

The Lomé peace accord collapsed. ECOWAS troops (the Monitoring Observer Group, or ECOMOG) started withdrawing, but the situation quickly deteriorated. The United Kingdom sent troops. The Council imposed a diamonds embargo and strengthened UNAMSIL. A ceasefire was signed. The Special Court was established.

1999

The Armed Forces Revolutionary Council (AFRC) and the Revolutionary United Front (RUF) reached Freetown. The controversial Lomé accord was signed, including power-sharing and amnesty.  UN Mission in Sierra Leone (UNAMSIL) was established with the Economic Community for West African States Monitoring Observer Group (ECOMOG)’s military support.

1998

ECOMOG and pro-Kabbah Civil Defence Forces removed the Armed Forces Revolutionary Council (AFRC) and Revolutionary United Front (RUF) from power. President Ahmad Tejan Kabbah returned. The oil embargo was terminated but new sanctions were imposed to pressure the RUF, the AFRC and Charles Taylor. The Council mandated the dispatch of military observers.