Chronology of Events

revised on 30 January 2015

Nepal

January 2015

On 28 January, Council members were briefed in consultations under “any other business” on Nepal by Assistant Secretary-General ad interim for Political Affairs, Jens Anders Toyberg-Frandzen. Referring to the current political deadlock over the adoption of a new constitution, Toyberg-Frandzen emphasised the need for broad consultations to build consensus and also stressed the importance of flexibility by Nepalese political leaders in reaching an agreement. The briefing was held at the request of the Secretariat following Under-Secretary-General for Political Affairs Jeffrey Feltman’s two-day visit to Nepal on 13-14 January.

January 2011   

UNMIN ceased operations on 15 January.

December 2010

The Under-Secretary-General for Political Affairs briefed Council members in consultations on 9 December, following his visit to Nepal on 3 and 4 December.

October 2010

The Under-Secretary-General for Political Affairs briefed Council members in consultations on 14 October, following his visit to Nepal on 6 and 7 October as requested in resolution 1939.

September 2010

On 15 September the Council adopted resolution 1939 deciding to extend the mandate of UNMIN until 15 January 2011, after which the mandate would be terminated. On 7 September Council members were briefed by the Secretary-General’s Representative in Nepal who referred to the discouraging picture presented in the Secretary-General’s report of the state of Nepal’s peace process.

May 2010

In consultations on 5 May Council members discussed the Secretary-General’s report on Nepal. The Representative of the Secretary-General and head of UNMIN briefed the Council. On 12 May resolution 1921 was adopted renewing UNMIN’s mandate until 15 September 2010.

March 2010

On 16 March the Under-Secretary-General for Political Affairs briefed Council members during the Secretary-General’s monthly lunch, following his visit to Nepal from 10-12 March.

January 2010

The Representative of the Secretary-General and head of UNMIN briefed the Council about the fragility of the peace process on 15 January.

November 2009

On 6 November the Council was briefed by the Representative of the Secretary-General and head of UNMIN. She said the peace process had faced a “protracted deadlock, with the added risk of confrontation” and suggested a review of the progress of implementing the major peace agreements.

July 2009

On 23 July the Council adopted resolution 1879 extending UNMIN till 23 January 2010 in line with a request from the government of Nepal. The Council requested the Secretary-General to report by 30 October 2009 on progress in creating conditions conducive to the completion of UNMIN’s mandate by January.

May 2009

The Secretary-General’s Representative in Nepal briefed the Council on 5 May. Following the debate, the Council adopted a presidential statement where it expressed its concern over the political crisis in Nepal and underscored the urgent need for the government and all parties to work together. It also reaffirmed its support for UNMIN and recalled the Nepalese government’s commitment to discharge minors from the cantonment sites.

January 2009

The Secretary-General appointed Karin Landgren of Sweden as his Representative in Nepal and head of UNMIN on 29 January. On 23 January, the Council extended the mandate of UNMIN for another six months at the request of the Nepalese government.

November 2008

The Secretary-General’s Special Representative briefed the Council on 7 November.

31 October-1 November 2008

The Secretary-General visited Nepal.

22 October 2008

Key parties objected to a member of the CPN-Maoists heading the committee as combatants of the PLA would be part of the integration process.

21 October 2008

Agreement was reached by all parties to form a special commitee for the integration and rehabilitation of the Maoist combatants.

4 October 2008

The Nepalese government invited armed rebel groups in the Terai region for peace talks.

23 July 2008

The Council adopted resolution 1825 extending the mandate of UNMIN for six months and endorsing the Secretary-General’s plan for a gradual drawdown and withdrawal.

8 July 2008

The interim government of Nepal wrote to the Secretary-General, requesting an extension of UNMIN for six months but on a smaller scale.

20 June 2008

Seven Maoist ministers resigned collectively during a meeting of the seven ruling parties after negotiations failed to break the deadlock over the formation of the government.  

19 June 2008

Seven hundred protestors were detained for participating in anti-Chinese demonstrations. 

18 June 2008

The Maoists agreed to reign its youth arm, the Young Communists League.

15 June 2008

Ian Martin, the Secretary-General’s Special Representative to Nepal, met with Maoist Chairman Pushpa Kamal Dahal, known as “Prachanda.”  

8 June 2008

One hundred and eighty-five Tibetan exiles were detained as they protested outside the Chinese embassy.

28 May 2008

The Constituent Assembly convened for the first time and proclaimed Nepal a republic.

19 May 2008

UNMIN condemned the killing of a local businessman, Ram Hari Shrestha, inside the Maoist cantonment as a breach of commitments made in the Agreement on Monitoring the Management of Arms and Armies (AMMAA).

12 May 2008

The Secretary-General’s report noted that UNMIN’s mandate was not expected to be extended beyond 23 July when it is due to expire.

18 April 2008

Maoist leader Prachanda offered to meet with the King. He noted that if the King were to resign, he would have the opportunity to remain in Nepal as a private citizen. The royal palace denied that the King was planning to resign or go into exile.

10 April 2008

The constituent assembly elections were held. The Maoists emerged as the single largest party. Four people were killed on polling day.

9 April 2008

Six members of the Communist Party of Nepal-Maoist (CPN-M) were killed by security personnel protecting the Nepali Congress party.

17 March 2008

Armed groups from the Terai demanded greater autonomy and threatened to disrupt the elections.

mid-March 2008

Tibetan exiles demonstrated in front of the UN offices and Chinese embassy in Nepal.

3- 17 March 2008

UN Electoral Expert Monitoring Tem (EEMT) made its fourth visit to Nepal.

28 February 2008

The government signed an accord with the United Madhes Democratic Front (UMDF) umbrella group giving greater representation to minorities in state and local authorities and agreed to autonomous regions for the Madhesi under a future federal democratic structure.