Chronology of Events

revised on 4 June 2012


September 2003

Ethiopia refused to allow the full demarcation of the border.

April 2002

The Boundary Commission handed down the demarcation decision.

December 2000

The Algiers Peace Agreement was signed.

September 2000

The Council increased UNMEE’s troop levels to 4,200.

July 2000

The Council established the UN Mission in Ethiopia and Eritrea (UNMEE).

June 2000

The Cessation of Hostilities Agreement was signed and the Temporary Security Zone was established.

May 2000

A Council mission visited both countries; fighting resumed three days later.


The conflict escalated to full-fledged war. Both parties accepted the Framework Agreement.

1998 to 2000

Ethiopia and Eritrea skirmished over border territories.


Eritrea took over the Ethiopian-administered town of Badme, and a battle ensued.


Eritrea became independent.


Ethiopia annexed Eritrea; fighting began.


Eritrea and Ethiopia formed a federation pursuant to UN General Assembly resolution 390 (V).